Sunday, February 16, 2020
Benchmark progress towards sustainability - Essay Example e the estimate and compare the eco friendly initiatives of the two companies on the basis of four dimensions, namely pollution prevention, clean technology, base of pyramid (indicating crystallizing growth of the two companies) and product stewardship. The paper will conclude that PepsiCo is the leader in terms of sustainability activities, when compared with that of Coca Cola. Finally some specific recommendations will also be provided, on the basis of which any company can improve its sustainable activities. In the recent times, the concept of Ã¢â¬Å"Triple Business LineÃ¢â¬ has become very important. According to this policy, the company can aim to improve its business by abstaining from harming the people, planet and profitability (Butje, 2005). Modern day business enterprises are increasingly investing in sustainable practices as they have realized that in order to achieve competitive advantage these practices are indispensible. The organizations are also getting highly engaged in corporate social responsibilities for creating a better impact on the community (Hawkins, 2006).). This paper discusses about HartÃ¢â¬â¢s sustainability framework, which stresses on the importance of sustainability in global business. The first part of the essay briefly discusses about the model that has been proposed by Stuart Hart and Marks Milstein. This model has been extremely advantageous in understanding the particular benefits that can be enjoyed by a company by following the sustainable strate gy. Then this framework is used to understand the sustainability measures that have been adopted by two of the largest beverages companies, PepsiCo and Coca Cola Company. The idea is to determine the market leader between these two companies. Stuart Hart along with Marks Milstein devised the model of sustainability value framework, which linked societal challenges to sustainability in a global economy with value of the shareholder. Hart had adapted a framework of natural resources that can be
Sunday, February 2, 2020
IPod Marketing - Essay Example Points of difference (PODs) are attributes or benefits consumers strongly associate with a brand, positively evaluate, and believe that they could not find to the same extent with a competitive brand (Kotler p. 312-13). Points of difference for iPod were that the product was appearing as cool ,the consumer could listen music whenever and wherever s/he wanted and with the addition of the new features (video, photo and phone) it changed the way people interact with these media. Points of parity (POPs), on the other hand, are associations that are not necessarily unique to the brand but may in fact be shared with other brands. These types of associations come in two basic forms: category and competitive (Kotler p.313). When iPod was launched we would say that it followed a category point of parity and a competitive point of parity. Category points-of-parity are associations consumers view as essential to be a legitimate and credible offering within a certain product or service category (Kotler p. 313). The connections between different genres of music and that the consumer could listen to the DJ sets without commercial interruption created the category points-of parity. In the beginning the iPod was thought to be just a portable device for listening shuffled music. Today with its enhanced features, it replaced radio broadcasts without commercial interruption and it added new features of video, photo and phone which changed the way people interact. So this has definitely influenced iPod attractiveness since it makes it unique and it is also addressed to people that want to have the above features in a single device. Sony and iRiver have reacted by making larger storage devices, in particular iRiver is not tied to a software such as iTunes, it provides good sound and is durable beyond anything Apple can manage. However, although there are these technical differences, Apple reacted by having a decent device, strong advertising and focusing on this competitive advantage which is style. Question 2 A) Why did Apple change their distribution strategy from just selling iPod at their Apple stores to also including independent distributors And what kind of economic effects has such an expansion in general and what kind of economic effects had such an expansion for Apple's iPod Apple in the beginning was selling directly to the consumers through its retail shops but then it added some "mass electronic" retailers. This change was due to
Saturday, January 25, 2020
Using a 3D Printer in Engineering CE 2.2 Background Digitality is increasing each day. Very less people use 3D printers due to its high cost. And moreover, they are not portable as its calibration of stepper motors could be damaged. And small scale industries cannot afford them. So, my project is about making 3D printers that are size oriented, portable and cost effective. It will a project that would be hassle less and easy to understand and operate. It could be extremely useful to small scale industries, dental manufacture, scientific labs, toy companies and many more. CE 2.3 The reason behind choosing this project was to give a boost to small scale industries and make it easy to use. 3D printing is the technology of creating three-dimensional real time objects that has a nozzle which oozes out melted plastic element and is attached to a stepper motor which works as an axis that has two stepper motors working as two axis. The idea and objective was to build a 3D printer under 500-1000$ with compact size for easy handling. Its aims to print a real-time three-dimensional object with the help of CAD file (computer aided design file). It focuses on building a small sized, easy to use and accessible 3D printer. It is also a kind that has low maintenance. It is a kind of printer that was made with the help of regularly used electronics devices which would ultimately reflect on its cost price in the market. Also, other major thing is its size as it is compact compared to other available printers. CE 2.4 I had planned all the work that was required to do on this project that includes all the pre-study work before the commencement of the project and post-work that is required after finishing the project. I listed out things to do first and then assigned its priority. I started with doing research on selecting the topic for my project and after its approval from the faculty, and then I went on doing literature surveys with the help of IEEE papers, research papers etc. in the later stage I began learning basics of CNC machine and designing of its hardware structure. Which was then implemented along with its software part and was made a portable one. At last stage, it involved final changes on the project and making a report on it. CE 2.5 Personal Engineering Activity I started with literature survey and then made up a block diagram for my project as shown under. It explains the complete flow of my project. I divided the entire process of 3D printing into two parts. CE 2.6 This project makes use of many components and each component was selected considering its cost and its potential value in the market as well as its ability to withstand the project. The important parts are: For CNC Machine: 1. Stepper motor it is a kind of electric motor that is widely used in the industries of robotics. With each step of the motor, it makes it handy for repeatable positioning. 2. Stepper motor driver A4988 they are kind of drivers with microcontroller and that can be used to attain high rotation speeds in stepper motors. 3. CNC shield 4. Arduino Uno Microcontroller it is used for digital devices and interactive objects which can control and sense the objects in physical world. It makes use of open-source hardware and software. 5. SMPS power supply this is used to drive and supply power to the whole circuit 6. MDF/Acrylic for the body structure -it is used for outer covering or the hardware structure of the body. For 3D Printing Setup 1. 0.75mm Nozzle it is cylindrical kind of a pipe or tube which controls the liquid. 2. Ceramic heater 3. DC fan as a cooling device 4. PLA element CE 2.7 For the 3D printer, a structure had to be made from either MDF, acrylic or fiber that would form the outer body. It also requires 4 stepper motor and its driver ICs along with providing a power supply. The stepper motor moves as per the GCODE which controls it. A software is used to generate the GCODE that is indirectly connected and formed from CAD file. CE 2.8 The working of my software part can be described as below: 1. Computer part: Here, using different software like AUTOCAD, RHINO, CAD360, a CAD file is generated. The interpreter receives the CAD file formed and then converts it into GCODE file. For interpreting software like MERLIN, CURA, POLULU was been used. Then via serial port the GCODE file is sent to the other part i.e. the printing part. 2. 3D printer part: Stepper drivers and HotEnd drivers receive the GCODE file from the GCODE interpreter. The HotEnd has a nozzle, DC fan and a ceramic heater and the stepper motor makes the moves as per the GCODE. Into the nozzle, a PLA plastic element is entered and with the help of ceramic heater it melts that plastic element into very small sized threads and is constantly cooled with the help of DC fan. As the HotEnd and stepper motor moves, the PLA comes out through it giving a 3D printed object. The object is made layer by layer and the stepper motor sets itself to initial stage after the completion of the object CE 2.9 During this project, I faced many challenges as my project is a very complex topic. It started with doing research on the topic. It was a new technology in the market and I had to collect as much information available. Deciding of hardware components was also a major task I had a pre-defined project cost that I had to maintain so that the final costing of the product doesnt increase beyond the limit. I took help from the experts from the field of electronics and tried to follow their footsteps whenever problem occurred. The part of software was quite easy than I thought as I had already planned the flow of the work so I just had to follow that pattern to accomplish my microcontroller programming. CE 2.10 Summary In 3D printing, whole process takes place in tiny little slices, it divides the whole project into tiny pieces which are made in the reverse order while printing. They stick together to form a solid object slice by slice. All the parts made from 3D printing can be complex like hinges, wheels etc. as a part of the printed object. It is a kind of technology which is very useful in current world. It makes the object feel like a real one. My project required great knowledge while implementing. It was a great platform for me to learn new technology and to help small scale industry with my project. My creativity skills were expanded and with the help of my project guide I could overcome all the challenges that came on the way. I kept my guide and supervisors updated with my position of the project. And meeting were kept fortnightly to show my status on my project and to discuss further possibility of the project expansion.
Friday, January 17, 2020
Feed Industry Overview: Duckweed feed has been found to be a very nutritious feed source for many types of livestock. The fact that duckweed can be fed to animals in its wet form or dried for a more concentrated food source make an efficient, cost effective, harvester a possible attractive product for this market. Traditional Harvesters are economically unfeasible and manual harvesting is very labor intensive for medium to large scale operations. Feed prices can vary drastically due to crop yields, gas prices, and product demand. After the initial investment of the Proskimmer the costs for producing this feed additive would be minimal. There is opportunity for duckweed to be used more as a feed source in coming years to alleviate increasing demand on corn and soy yields. Analysis According to North Carolina Reasearchers: Ã¢â¬Å"Duckweed holds great promise as an alternative feed supplement. One of the smallest plants known to man could help us produce cleaner water while at the same time providing a high quality feed for domestic stock animals (poultry, swine, and cattle). The nutrient uptake ability possessed by duckweed along with its fast reproductive rate and environmental requirements make it easy to manage. The problem with duckweed is in the harvesting of the small plants and removing the excess water. Assuming that can be done efficiently, we will be well on our way to making new strides in the supplemental feeding of duckweed. Ã¢â¬ These statements are made by some of the leading duckweed researchers in the feed/fuel/watstewater. A duckweed harvester is a natural fit to solve the harvesting needs of the market. Recent studies have confirmed duckweedÃ¢â¬â¢s potential as a valuable high-protein, vitamin-rich feed supplement. A two acre pond surface with duckweed yields as much as 30 tons of dry matter or approximately 12 tons of protein per year. This protein is of very high quality for feeding to animals (or human beings). Experiments show that the quality of this protein for ducks and hens is similar to that in soybean meal. As protein is currently priced at approx $500 per ton as a stock-feed ingredient, the protein yield of a hectare of duckweed is worth in the order of $6,000 per year. Although inexpensive to produce, duckweed contains a range of vitamins, pigments and minerals. These include those normally added to dietary formulations for livestock such as poultry and pigs in the form of commercial mineral-vitamin premixes. Duckweed has particular value as a poultry feed. It typically contains high concentrations of calcium (which is required in the diet of laying hens) equal to 10-25 g/kg dry matter. Duckweed contains relatively large amounts of xanthophylls and carotene, which result in a rich yellow/orange color to the egg yolks. In comparison, the synthetic yolk pigments usually included in mineral-vitamin premixes for layers are a costly component of commercial poultry diets. Dried excess duckweed can be pelletised and sold as animal feed. At approx $6000 dollars the Proskimmer would be economically viable in this arena. Feeding trials reported in the literature and carried out recently in Peru have demonstrated that duckweed can be substituted for soy and fish meals in prepared rations for several types of poultry: broilers, layers, and chicks. Cultured duckweed can be used as the protein component in poultry diets. Acceptable levels of duckweed meal in the diets of layers range up to 40 percent of total feed. Duckweed-fed layers produce more eggs of the same or higher quality as control birds fed the recommended formulated diets. Levels of up to 15 percent duckweed meal produce growth rates in broilers which are equal to those produced by control feeds. Diets for chicks, consisting of up to 15 percent duckweed meal, are suitable for birds under three weeks of age. Duckweed meal will almost certainly find as large a range of animal feed applications as soybean meal. Duckweed meal may also have great potential to blend with non- conventional diets based on inexpensive carbohydrate sources that can be used by poultry and hogs. Today pork production offers perhaps an unprecedented opportunity. Due to economic expansion and population growth in Asia, demand for pork is increasing like never before. In fact, experts predict that in the next 35 to 40 years, weÃ¢â¬â¢ll have to quadruple, or more, the approximately 875 million hogs now on Earth. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s why new and expanded hog production facilities are being built in Australia, Canada, Mexico, South America, and, when opposition is overcome, in the U. S. And as theyÃ¢â¬â¢re built, new jobs and economic growth are being created. A major limitation to fish farming is that meals high in protein with high biological value are expensive and often locally unavailable. Supplementary feeds can take up to 60% of fish production costs. Duckweeds have a high protein content (around 40%) of high biological value. Fresh duckweed is highly suited to intensive fish farming systems and duckweed is converted efficiently to liveweight by certain fish including carp and tilapia. Drying duckweed presents the largest current challenge to the plant being traded as a commodity. No conventional drying technology has been able to produce dried material without incurring signifigant loss. Several solar methods are showing promise however we feel they would be for large scale operations and not relevant to our market. The leading researchers in North Carolina have paired with a company called Aeroglide who makes industrial drying technologies for the feed industry. We feel Proskim should focus on the wet applications for land livestock and fish farming opporunities. http://www. lib. ncsu. edu/theses/available/etd-05242004-103543/unrestricted/etd. df Institute of Animal Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, Emil-Wolff-Str. 10, 70593 Stuttgart, Germany 24 February 2010; http://www. aeroglide. com/aquafeed-dryers-coolers. php SWOT Analysis Feed: Strengths: Low cost in relation to other mechanical harvesters/low labor intensity when compared to manual techniques. Currently manufactured product with little to no customization for many harvesting needs. Duckweed has be en proven to be a breakthrough feed alternative to corn and soy based feeds. Weaknesses: Little to no current marketing strategy in the Bio arena. Lack of marketing material directed to Bio arena. Less developed nations will use manual techniques. Company physical location is not in areas which promote rapid duckweed growth. Opportunities: Feed supplement for fish, swine, poultry needing effective harvesting techniques. Market directly to these farmers. Academic researchers using grants to study duckweed in the Bio arena. Government grants and foundations in the Bio arena. Threats: Other harvester inventions and trial inventions to harvest duckweed. Less demand for corn ethanol due to regulations or opportunity costs could lower prices and in turn corn feed prices.
Thursday, January 9, 2020
En Estados Unidos hay 10 dÃ as feriados federales, es decir, aplican en todo el paÃ s y tambiÃ ©n en los territorios como, por ejemplo, Puerto Rico. En los feriados federales por ley tienen dÃ a libre y se les paga a todos los trabajadores no esenciales del gobierno federal. TambiÃ ©n cierran bancos y escuelas. Sin embargo, las empresas privadas no estÃ ¡n obligadas a brindar el dÃ a libre a sus empleados pero lo habitual es que sÃ lo hagan y, ademÃ ¡s, les paguen el salario del dÃ a feriado como si lo hubieran trabajado, si bien hay importantes excepciones como, por ejemplo, el caso de comercios o restaurantes. DÃ as feriados federales en Estados Unidos en 2019 1 de enero, lunes, AÃ ±o Nuevo21 de enero, lunes, DÃ a de Martin Luther King18 de febrero, lunes, DÃ a del Presidente27 de mayo, lunes, DÃ a de la RecordaciÃ ³n4 de julio, jueves, DÃ a de la Independencia2 de septiembre, lunes, DÃ a del Trabajo14 de octubre, lunes, DÃ a de CristÃ ³bal ColÃ ³n11 de noviembre, lunes, DÃ a de los Veteranos28 de noviembre, jueves, AcciÃ ³n de Gracias.25 de diciembre, miÃ ©rcoles, DÃ a de Navidad El feriado del DÃ a del Presidente no se celebra en todos los estados y el DÃ a de los Veteranos no es feriado pÃ ºblico en Wisconsin. Los dÃ as feriados en EE.UU. como regla general son un lunes, si bien hay excepciones a esta regla. AsÃ , el DÃ a de Navidad, AÃ ±o Nuevo, Independencia o el de AcciÃ ³n de Gracias se celebran el dÃ a de la semana que coincida con el dÃ a del mes de su celebraciÃ ³n. Sin embargo, en esos dÃ as, si el feriado es un dÃ a sÃ ¡bado, el dÃ a libre se adelanta a viernes. Por el contrario, si es un dÃ a domingo, el dÃ a libre se retrasa al lunes siguiente. DÃ as feriados en los estados en 2019 Los estados pueden establecer dÃ as de observancia pÃ ºblica de acuerdo a su historia o a sus intereses. Las oficinas estatales cierran y los trabajadores cobran por ese dÃ a, sin embargo, las empresas privadas no estÃ ¡n obligadas a seguir esa norma y deciden segÃ ºn sus propias reglas. Entre los dÃ as feriados los mÃ ¡s comunes en los estados destacan: El viernes siguiente a AcciÃ ³n de Gracias que, con carÃ ¡cter general, es feriado en los siguientes estados: Arkansas, California, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Idaho, Kentucky, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, Nevada, Nuevo Hampshire, Nuevo MÃ ©xico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Carolina del Sur, Texas, Washington y Virginia Occidental. El 31 de marzo, DÃ a de de CÃ ©sar ChÃ ¡vez.Ã Esta conmemoraciÃ ³n es uno de los festivos opcionales y se celebra en Arizona, California, Colorado, Illinois, Michigan, Nuevo MÃ ©xico, Texas, Rhode Island, Utah y Wisconsin. El 24 de diciembre, Nochebuena, que es feriado en Carolina del Sur, Dakota del Norte, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Oklahoma, Texas, Virginia y Wisconsin. El 26 de diciembre, dÃ a siguiente al de Navidad, es feriado en Carolina del Norte, Carolina del Sur, Texas y Virginia. Cabe destacar que Texas es uno de los estados con mÃ ¡s dÃ as feriados. AdemÃ ¡s de los federales y de celebrar el DÃ a de CÃ ©sar ChÃ ¡vez, Nochebuena, DÃ a despuÃ ©s de AcciÃ ³n de Gracias y de Navidad, son feriados pÃ ºblicos las siguientes fechas: 19 de enero: DÃ a de los hÃ ©roes confederados.2 de marzo: DÃ a de la Independencia de Texas21 de abril: San Jacinto19 de junio: DÃ a de la EmancipaciÃ ³n27 de agosto: DÃ a de Lyndon B. Johnson DÃ as no feriados pero celebrados en EE.UU. Estos dÃ as reciben gran atenciÃ ³n en los medios de comunicaciÃ ³n y, en muchos casos, las tiendas y las escuelas estÃ ¡n muy involucradas en las celebraciones. Sin embargo, ni las empresas privadas y las oficinas federales y estatales no estÃ ¡n obligadas ni a dar el dÃ a libre a los trabajadores ni a compensarlos econÃ ³micamente si no trabajan. 2 de febrero, sÃ ¡bado, DÃ a de la Marmota14 de febrero, jueves, DÃ a de San ValentÃ n17 de marzo, domingo, San Patricio19 de abril,Viernes Santo21 de abril, domingo, PascuaCinco de mayo, domingo.12 de mayo, domingo, DÃ a de la madre.16 de mayo, domingo, DÃ a del padre.31 de octubre, Halloween DÃ as feriados y compras En Estados Unidos es habitual que los dÃ as feriados coincidan con grandes rebajas. Sin embargo, no debe confundirse con los los dÃ as conocidos como feriados de impuestos y que se celebran en algunos estados y que implica que en determinados dÃ as no se cobran impuestos a las ventas en determinados artÃ culos. Puntos claves: DÃ as feriados en EE.UU. NÃ ºmero de dÃ as feriados federales en EE.UU.: 10. Los estados pueden decidir no observar algÃ ºn dÃ a en especÃ fico.DÃ as feriados que no son siempre un dÃ a lunes, sino que se observan en su fecha: AÃ ±o Nuevo, Independencia, Veteranos, Navidad. AdemÃ ¡s, el DÃ a de AcciÃ ³n de Gracias es siempre el cuarto jueves del mes de noviembre.DÃ as feriados mÃ ¡s comunes en los estados: CÃ ©sar ChÃ ¡vez (31 de marzo), viernes despuÃ ©s de AcciÃ ³n de Gracias, Nochebuena y dÃ a despuÃ ©s de Navidad. Este artÃ culo es informativo. No es asesorÃ a legal.
Wednesday, January 1, 2020
Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are computational algorithms loosely based on the human biological nervous system which work to model statistical data. An ANN Ã¢â¬Å"consists of processing elements known as neurons that are interconnected to each other and work in unison to answer a particular problem [, and] can be used in places where detecting trends and extracting patterns are too complex to be detected by either humans or other computer techniques.Ã¢â¬ Although recent in their explosion in popularity, the underlying logic behind ANNs have existed for Ã¢â¬Å"nearly a half-centuryÃ¢â¬ , however due to the pervasive and ubiquitous adoption of powerful computational tools in our contemporary society, ANNs have had a sort of renaissance, much to the avail of scientists, engineers, and consumers. The current cutting-edge in deep-learning and ANNs focuses highly on both their ability to model and interpret complex data, and their ability to be put to scale due through optimization and parallelization. The current framework for designing ANNs is one that is widely available, with a myriad of tools facilitating their development. Python, C++, GoogleÃ¢â¬â¢s Tensorflow, Theano, Matlab, and Spark all contain a robust set of mathematical operations which necessitate ANNs. Due to the algorithm behind ANNs, the models are inherently apt in Ã¢â¬Å"extract[ing] meaning from imprecise or intricate problemsÃ¢â¬ . Speaking reductively, ANNs are data modeling tools which are trained on a given dataset, and canShow MoreRelatedArtificial Neural Networks ( Ann )2161 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesCHAPTER 5 Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) 5.1 Machine Learning In machine learning, systems are trained to infer patterns from observational data. 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Thereby, this paper addresses an important technique called Artificial Neural Networks which is being used a lot these days in field of machine learning, Artificial intelligence etc. The goal of Artificial neural networks is to find patternsRead MoreOptical Character Recognition Is Becoming Popular Areas Of Research Under Pattern Recognition And Smart Device Applications1212 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesProject Title:OPTICAL CHARACTER RECOGNITION USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS Abstract: The Optical Character Recognition (OCR) is becoming popular areas of research under pattern recognition and smart device applications. It requires the intelligence like human brain to recognize the various handwritten characters. Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is used together the information required to recognize the characters adaptively. 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Such ANN models have shown to retain the accuracy obtainable for EM simulators andRead MoreArtificial Neural Network Essay937 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn these project functional models of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) is proposed to aid existing diagnosis methods. ANNs are currently a Ã¢â¬Å"hotÃ¢â¬ research area in medicine, particu larly in the fields of radiology, cardiology, and oncology. In this an attempt is made to make use of ANNs in the medical field One of the important goals of Artificial Neural Networks is the processing of information similar to human interaction actually neural network is used when there is a need for brain capabilities
Monday, December 23, 2019
Introduction Life Skills Training (LST) is a school based intervention; the goal of the program is to prevent alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use along with violence. This is done by targeting major social and psychological factors that increase the start of substance abuse and additional risky behaviors. Substance abuse problems are multifaceted; LST addresses multiple risk and protective factors. Core Components The core components of the program teach 1) personal self-management skills; that encompass decision making and problem solving; it helps to identify the problem, to define goals, and to come up with alternatives, along with consideration of the consequences. 2) Social skills; help to improve interpersonal skills, and enhance self-esteem, the material helps participants overcome shyness and how to be reciprocal in conversation and other interactions verbal and nonverbal. 3)Drug-related information and skills; this part of the curriculum concentrates on attitudes and knowledge relating to drug use, normative expectations , and skills for resisting drug use influences from friends and the media Botvin, Griffin (2004). Institute of Medicine The Institute of Medicine (IOM) classification system sometimes referred to as a continuum of services, care, or prevention, classifies prevention interventions according to their target population. In the case of the LST the IOM classification is universal; universal prevention methods address an entire population (local,Show MoreRelatedProgram Evaluation Critique Essay1546 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesProgram Evaluation critique to: Trish Mckay from: steven wayock subject: Team read- program evaluation Critique date: [ 10/31/2012 ] cc: Professor Turner, Margo Jones, Trish McKay Steven WayockÃ¢â¬â¢s Independent program evaluation Critique Team ReadÃ¢â¬â¢s program evaluation completed by the independent evaluator Margo Jones took an overall look at Team Read based off of statistical analysis conducted in two different phases. These phases evaluated different scopes of Team Read, the readers theRead MoreAssignment 9 - Critique Of Game Development1097 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Task 9 - Critique of Game development in Construct 2 Training Course Shannon M. 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STDÃ¢â¬â¢s and HIV Many of the school based abstinence only sex education curricula, state that sexual activity outside of marriage is likely to have harmful psychological effects. These psychological effects could greatly influence the sexual choices of the parties involved. Recent advancesRead MoreEvaluation Of Freedom School Partners Children s Defense Fund Freedom Schools1573 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEvaluation Critique This critique is on the evaluation program of Freedom School Partners ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Defense Fund Freedom Schools. This evaluation report was composed in October of 2013 by Dr. D. Bruce Taylor, Dr. Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo, and Dr. Crystal Glover members of The Center for Adolescent Literacies at UNC Charlotte, North Carolina. This is the fifth evaluation of The Freedom School Partners ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Defense Fund Freedom Schools. 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